Hispanic History Timeline
May 26. Sonia Sotomayor becomes the first Hispanic American woman to be nominated to a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court.
President George Bush appoints the first woman and first Hispanic surgeon general of the United States: Antonia C. Novello.
The United Farm Workers Organizing Committee in California, begun as an independent organization, is led by César Chávez.
The United States invades Mexico. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ends the Mexican War, cedes half the land area of Mexico, including Texas, California, most of Arizona and New Mexico, and parts of Colorado, Utah, and Nevada, to the United States.
With the insurrection of Father Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, the Spaniards withdraw their troops from the frontier presidios.
September 17. The presidio of San Francisco is founded, becoming Spain's northernmost frontier outpost.
The first royal mercedes (land grants) are granted to Spaniards in the fertile valleys of Monclova, in northern Mexico, just south of the present border.
Juan Ponce de León lands on the shores of Florida, exploring most of the coastal regions and some of the interior.
Visit Gale Hispanic Resources for additional information.